Consonants /m/ versus /ŋ/, 61 pairs     [humhung.html]

The /m/ sound is spelled with <m>, <mm> or <mb> in limb. The /ŋ/ sound is spelled with <ng>.

This is a contrast between two voiced nasal continuants, only occurring in medial or final position and widely spaced in the mouth. It is not a problem.

Interesting pairs include:

clamour clanger
simmer singer

The mean density value is low at 0.4%. The lists make 29 semantic distinctions, a loading of 48%.

brim bring
  brimming bringing
  brims brings
bum bung
  bummed bunged
  bumming bunging
  bums bungs
clam clang
  clammed clanged
  clamming clanging
  clams clangs
clamour clanger
  clamorous clangorous
  clamours clangers
dumb dung  
gamma ganger
  gammas gangers
ham hang
  hammed hanged
  hamming hanging
  hams hangs
hammer hangar
  hammers hangars
hum hung
limb ling
  limbs lings
Pam pang
paynim paining 
prom prong
  proms prongs
ram rang
rhomb wrong
  rhombs wrongs
rim ring
  rimmed ringed
  rimming ringing
  rims rings
rum rung
Sam sang
simmer singer
  simmers singers
slam slang
  slammed slanged
  slamming slanging
  slams slangs
slim sling
  slimmer slinger
  slimming slinging
  slims slings
slum slung
some sung
strum strung
sum sung
swim swing
  swimming swinging
  swims swings
  swum swung
tammy tangy
trim Tring 
whim wing
  whims wings

John Higgins, Shaftesbury, December 2010
updated Chiang Mai, 2024