Consonants /z/ versus /ʧ/, 124 pairs     [zapchap.html]

The /z/ sound is spelled with <z>, <s> or <se>. The /ʧ/ sound is spelled with <ch> or <tch>. A good many pairs arise from contrasting a word ending in -ch with a plural or 3rd-person inflection, which acounts for the relatively high semantic loading.

This is a contrast between a voiced alveolar sibilant and a voiceless alveolar affricate. Some learners, such as French or Greek speakers, may have a problem especially when the /ʧ/ sound is final.

The mean density value is 1.2%. The list makes 91 semantic distinctions, a loading of 73%.

A's H
avows avouch 
belles belch 
bells belch
bens bench 
biz bitch 
boars bortsch
breeze breach 
  breezes breaches
  breezing breaching 
  breezed breached
breezes breeches 
B's beach 
B's beech
bees beach
bees beech
burrs birch 
busy bitchy 
  busier bitchier 
  busies bitches 
  busiest bitchiest 
cleanse clench
  cleanses clenches
  cleansing clenching
  cleansed clenched
cons conch 
cosies coaches 
cows couch
dizzies ditches 
does Dutch 
E's each
ease each
fez fetch 
  fezzes fetches 
fills filch 
Finns finch
fins finch
gnaws nautch
gulls gulch 
harries Harwich 
has hatch
his hitch
horns haunch 
Huns hunch
inns inch 
is itch
lawns launch 
leas leach 
leas leech
lees leach
lees leech
Mars March
mills milch 
moos mooch 
mulls mulch 
parrs parch 
pars parch
parse parch
  parses parches 
  parsing parching 
pause porch
  pauses porches
pawns paunch 
pleas pleach 
please pleach
  pleases pleaches 
  pleasing pleaching 
  pleased pleached
pose poach 
  poses poaches 
  posing poaching 
  posed poached
poser poacher 
  posers poachers 
P's peach
puns punch 
purrs perch 
readies Redditch 
res retch
rose roach
  roses roaches 
R's arch
scores scorch 
screes screech 
sirs search 
sloughs slouch 
stars starch 
swiz switch 
T's teach
tawse torch
  tawses torches
teas teach
tease teach
teaser teacher 
  teasers teachers 
teases teaches 
teasing teaching 
tees teach
tens tench 
tors torch 
Tsar char
  Tsars chars
vows vouch 
was watch
wens wench 
whiz which 
  whizzes witches
  whizzing witching
whose hooch 
wrens wrench
zap chap 
  zapped chapped 
  zapping chapping 
  zaps chaps 
zees cheese 
zest chest 
zinc chink 
zip chip 
  zipped chipped 
  zipping chipping 
  zips chips 
zoo chew 
  zoos chews 
zoos choose  

John Higgins, Shaftesbury, November 2010.